Tag Archives: international atomic energy

IAEA chief: should have ‘howled’ louder on Iraq

3International Atomic Energy Agency IAEA Director General Mohamed ElBaradei attends a board of governors meeting in Vienna June 18, 2009.

IAEA chief: should have ‘howled’ louder on Iraq

WASHINGTON (Reuters) – The head of the U.N. nuclear watchdog agency said he should have “howled harder” on Iraq and that the war was the most “dissatisfying moment” of his life.

Mohamed ElBaradei, director general of the International Atomic Energy Agency, in responding to 10 questions in Time magazine, also said the jury is out on whether Iran was developing nuclear weapons.

One of the main justifications for the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq in 2003 by the administration of President George W. Bush was the assertion that Iraq had weapons of mass destruction. No such weapons were found in the years since the war began.

“The most dissatisfying moment of my life, of course, was when the Iraq war was launched. That hundreds of thousands of people lost their lives on the basis of fiction, not facts, makes me shudder,” ElBaradei said.

Asked what had been a “bad judgment call” on his part, ElBaradei responded: “I should probably, before the Iraq war, have screamed and howled harder and louder to prevent people from misusing the information that was made available by us.”

On Iran, ElBaradei said Tehran needs to clarify questions about its nuclear program and that he supports U.S. President Barack Obama’s effort to engage in a dialogue.

“We are not sure that Iran is pursuing nuclear weapons. The jury is still out,” ElBaradei said.

IAEA chief, IAEA chief news, IAEA chief kini, IAEA chief world, IAEA chief asia, IAEA chief IAEA chief, IAEA chief melayu, IAEA chief indon, IAEA chief IAEA chief, IAEA chief kl, IAEA chief foto, IAEA chief picture,  IAEA chief web, IAEA chief days, IAEA chief new, IAEA chief bf1, newsbf1, news bf1,  news IAEA chief, news indon, news IAEA chief, world news, days news, magazine news, new news, asia news, star news, entertainment news, friend news, politics news

Nuclear watchdog image hurts IAEA – incoming chief

in.reuters.com

Nuclear watchdog image hurts IAEA – incoming chief

VIENNA-july 11 – The International Atomic Energy Agency’s predominant image as a nuclear watchdog — played up by the West — has weakened the IAEA by dividing rich and poor member states, its incoming head said in an interview on Friday.

Japan’s Yukiya Amano vowed not to shrink from pursuing cases of alleged nuclear proliferation, like Iran, but suggested this policing role had come to overshadow the agency’s other duty to foster development through peaceful uses of the atom.

“One of (its) weaknesses is that the IAEA is perceived as a nuclear watchdog,” Amano said in his first international media interview since narrowly winning election on July 2 to succeed Mohamed ElBaradei.

“That is not all it is. It is a dual objective organisation. But it is not recognised, perceived as such. And that is one of the causes of mistrust and division,” Amano, 62, Japan’s veteran IAEA ambassador, told Reuters.

Amano said balancing the IAEA’s priorities was crucial to shoring up its credibility among rich and poor member states.

Developing nations fear a campaign by U.S.-led big powers to stop Iran’s uranium enrichment work without hard proof of a bomb agenda will undo their right to a share of nuclear technology and are concerned the agency is not doing enough to uphold it.

Iran has exploited this grievance at the core of rich-poor tensions in the IAEA by asserting that “arrogant” powers bent on halting its nuclear programme want only to stunt its development and preserve inequality rooted in colonial times.

“If I can make some contribution to changing the perception (of the IAEA mainly as a watchdog), it will be helpful in strengthening confidence in the agency,” Amano said.

“That does not mean I will shy away from difficult, very serious issues like Iran or North Korea. I will do my utmost (to tackle them),” the soft-spoken, deliberate diplomat said.

INDEPENDENCE

Amano, who told Reuters in February Iran should be treated with respect through dialogue, was backed mainly by industrialised nations in narrowly prevailing over a South African rival in the IAEA leadership vote.

Western backers privately say they count on him to take a tougher line on applying nuclear safeguards than ElBaradei, who rankled the United States and close allies by advocating negotiated compromise over sanctions against Tehran.

But Amano said suggestions he would do the bidding of a few big powers by having the IAEA focus foremost on stemming the spread of sensitive nuclear know-how were “completely mistaken”.

He cited his role in Japan’s longtime record of aid and investment helping to modernise the developing world.

“Saying this is priority number one and this is priority number two is not my approach. Certainly (anti-proliferation) safeguards is one of those matters of highest priority, as well as peaceful uses of nuclear energy.”

Amano acknowledged that IAEA nuclear inspections suffered from the lack of legal authority to range beyond declared atomic plants to check suspicions of covert military diversions.

He said he would step up efforts to persuade all member states to ratify the IAEA’s now voluntary Additional Protocol covering wider-ranging inspections. “Making it mandatory is not on the agenda now. It would be (politically) difficult.”

Iran does not observe the protocol nor does Syria, something that has hampered IAEA investigations in both countries.

Amano also lent weight to expectations he would “depoliticise” the IAEA leadership after 12 years under his outspoken predecessor, ElBaradei, who dubbed himself the “Secular Pope” after winning the 2005 Nobel Peace Prize.

He told Reuters last week he’d seen no evidence in IAEA files that Iran was seeking nuclear weapons capability — despite ElBaradei’s “gut feeling” Iran was doing so.

“Objectivity and impartiality are very important before making a value judgment on anything,” Amano said. “If people believe I am impartial and professional, I can strengthen the agency. And that is absolutely needed now.”

Nuclear, Nuclear news, Nuclear world, Nuclear sport, Nuclear technology, Nuclear us, Nuclear malaysia, Nuclear Nuclear, Nuclear entertaiment, Nuclear video, Nuclear photo, Nuclear bf1,  world news, sport news, technology news, us news, malaysia news, Nuclear news, entertaiment news , video news, photo news, bf1 news, news, world, sport, technology, us, malaysia, Nuclear, entertaiment, video, photo, bf1, news channel, news web, news gallery, news space, channel news, channel, web news, web, gallery news, gallery, gay news, lesbian news, french news, japan news, thai news, vietnam news, nasa news, nasa, Nuclear, Nuclear news, korea news, un news, un, middle east news, bf1 news, deadline, deadline news, free news, newspaper, news paper, healine news, headline, interantional, international news

Iran says needs guarantees to send uranium abroad

INTERNATIONAL-US-IRAN-NUCLEAR-FUEL

Iran’s President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad speaks during a ceremony at the Natanz nuclear enrichment facility, south of Tehran, April 9, 2007.

Iran says needs guarantees to send uranium abroad

TEHRAN, Nov. 24, 2009 (Reuters) — Iran could consider sending its low-enriched uranium abroad, the Foreign Ministry said on Tuesday, apparently softening its opposition to a U.N. plan aimed at keeping a check on its nuclear ambitions.

Last week Foreign Minister Manouchehr Mottaki rejected a U.N.-drafted deal that would see Iran ship low-enriched uranium (LEU) abroad for reprocessing, saying this could only be swapped simultaneously on Iranian soil for fuel for nuclear medicine.

But Foreign Ministry spokesman Ramin Mehmanparast said on Tuesday that Iran was not opposed to sending LEU abroad as long as it had “100 percent guarantees” it would receive refined fuel in return, for use in a medical research reactor.

“Regarding the guarantees we are not going to suggest anything, but one … could be exchanging it on Iranian soil,” Mehmanparast told a news conference.

Any fuel swap in Iran would likely be a non-starter for Western powers, which want to delay Tehran’s potential to make a nuclear bomb by reducing its LEU stockpile. Iran says its nuclear program is peaceful.

Iran’s top nuclear official said it was up to world powers to find a guarantee that would satisfy Iran.

“The only way is that the West should give us a 100 percent guarantee to make this deal doable. The guarantee should be agreed by Iran,” Ali Akbar Salehi, head of Iran’s Atomic Energy Organization, told Reuters when asked whether Iran’s condition was to do a nuclear transaction only on its territory.

Six world powers urged Tehran on Friday to accept the proposal brokered by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). U.S. President Barack Obama has warned of more sanctions on Iran, the world’s fifth-largest oil producer.

POWERS DRAFT RESOLUTION

The powers, increasingly concerned over Iran’s failure to be more open about its plans — underlined by its belated disclosure of a second enrichment site — have drafted a resolution on Iran to discuss at an IAEA meeting later this week, diplomats said on Tuesday.

The draft calls on Iran to open up fully to U.N. nuclear inspectors and investigators, clarify the origins and purpose of the hidden enrichment site and confirm it has no more undeclared nuclear plans, the diplomats told Reuters.

Russia and China, who have often blocked a tougher stance on Iran by the IAEA’s 35-nation Board of Governors in the past, are fully behind the text along with the United States, Britain, France and Germany, they said.

With Russian and Chinese backing, the measure has a better chance of winning majority support including developing nations on the board in a vote in Vienna on Thursday or Friday.

If passed, it would be the first IAEA resolution targeting Iran since February 2006, when the governors referred Tehran to the U.N. Security Council for defying the agency’s requests that it suspend enrichment and open up completely to IAEA probes.

The draft fuel deal calls on Iran to send some 75 percent of its LEU to Russia and France, where it would be turned into fuel for the Tehran reactor, which produces radio-isotopes for cancer treatment but is due to run out of its imported fuel next year.

Western officials say Iran accepted the plan in principle last month, and they suspect that in demanding changes, Tehran is trying to buy time and avert more sanctions, while pressing ahead with nuclear enrichment activity.

Some analysts say hardline President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad favours the fuel deal as a way to shore up his legitimacy after his disputed re-election in June, but that domestic rivals are trying to undermine him by criticizing the proposal.

“Nobody in Iran ever said that we are against sending 3.5 percent (LEU) abroad. We talked about the process of dispatching fuel,” Foreign Ministry spokesman Mehmanparast said.

“If we say we are looking for 100 percent guarantees, it means that we want 3.5 percent-enriched uranium to be sent out under such circumstances that we make sure that we will receive” fuel enriched to 20 percent purity for the reactor.

Iran’s nuclear negotiator Saeed Jalili echoed the demand for “objective guarantees” on Arabic-language al Alam television.

“It is a commercial issue. Iran has asked the (IAEA) to provide it for Iran,” he said. “If they can’t provide fuel in time … we have other options to get fuel.”

Western powers agree that Iran has the right to develop a civilian nuclear program, but want enrichment limits and stronger IAEA inspections to ensure it does not try to enrich uranium to the 90 percent level needed for a nuclear weapon. Iran says its aim is only to generate electricity.

The United States has rejected Iranian calls for amendments and further talks on the deal. Obama has said time is running out for diplomacy to resolve the long-running nuclear standoff.

and iran,call iran,hotels iran,iran,iran business,iran date,iran government,iran information,iran map,iran news,iran pictures,iran russia,iran threat,iran tourism,iran travel,iran weapons,iranian,iranians,israel iran,mashad iran,nuclear iran,nuke iran,persian iran,war iran,Iran,guarantees,uranium abroad